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Showing posts with label 2. Show all posts
Showing posts with label 2. Show all posts

Saturday, 4 November 2017

3.4. 1,2,3,4-Tetra-O-Acetyl-β-d-Mannuronic Acid

Laura Beswick

Laura Beswick

2nd degree connection

PhD Student at Keele University


Keele University




Gavin J. Miller

Gavin J. Miller

2nd degree connection

Lecturer in Organic Chemistry at Keele University




3.4. 1,2,3,4-Tetra-O-Acetyl-β-d-Mannuronic Acid (4)

To a vigorously stirred solution of 1,2,3,4-tetra-O-acetyl-β-d-mannopyranose (3) (1.5 g, 4.30 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in dichloromethane (20 mL) and water (10 mL) was added (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxyl radical (TEMPO) (336 mg, 2.2 mmol, 0.50 equiv.) and [bis(acetoxy)iodo]benzene (BAIB) (6.9 g, 21.5 mmol, 5.00 equiv.). The solution was stirred at RT for 5 h, whereupon TLC analysis (hexane/ethyl acetate, 1/1) showed complete conversion of starting material to a baseline Rf value spot. The reaction was quenched with aqueous Na2S2O3 solution (10% w/v, 30 mL), the organic layer removed and the aqueous layer acidified to pH 3 using 1M HCl, followed by extraction with ethyl acetate (2 × 30 mL). The organic extracts were combined, dried (MgSO4), filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford 1,2,3,4-tetra-O-acetyl-β-d-mannuronic acid (4) as a white solid (1.2 g, 3.3 mmol, 75%). Rf = 0.81 (dichloromethane/methanol, 9/1);

 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δH5.96 (1H, d, J = 1.5 Hz, H1), 5.50 (1H, dd, J = 3.2, 1.5 Hz, H2), 5.48 (1H, appt, J = 9.1 Hz, H4), 5.21 (1H, dd, J = 9.1, 3.2 Hz, H3), 4.2 (1H, d, J = 9.1 Hz, H5), 2.21 (3H, s, C(O)CH3), 2.13 (3H, s, C(O)CH3), 2.10 (3H, s, C(O)CH3), 2.04 (3H, s, C(O)CH3).
 13C-NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δC 169.9 (C=O), 169.7 (C=O), 169.5 (C=O), 169.4 (C=O), 168.2 (C=O), 89.4 (C1), 72.3 (C5), 69.3 (C3), 66.9 (C2), 65.9 (C4), 20.4 (C(O)CH3), 20.4 (C(O)CH3), 20.3 (C(O)CH3), 20.2 (C(O)CH3); 
FT-HRMS NSI (ES) m/z Found: (M−H) 361.0767, C14H17O11 requires 361.0776; FT-IR vmax/cm−1 2986 (O–H), 1751 (C=O).







Molbank 2017 m947 sch001

Molbank 20172017(3), M947; doi:10.3390/M947
Communication
1,2,3,4-Tetra-O-Acetyl-β-d-Mannuronic Acid
Laura Beswick and Gavin J. Miller *Orcid
Lennard-Jones Laboratory, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
*
Correspondence: Tel.: +44-1782-734442
Received: 3 July 2017 / Accepted: 11 July 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017


Abstract

: 
1,2,3,4-Tetra-O-acetyl-β-d-mannuronic acid was synthesized in three steps from commercial d-mannose in 21% yield. Regioselective 6-O-tritylation followed by per-acetylation and 6-OTr removal using HBr/AcOH gave the required primary alcohol substrate, which was then oxidised to the target compound using TEMPO/BAIB. None of the synthetic steps required column chromatography and the product was fully characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, 2D NMR, MS and IR.


Image result for Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire

Image result for Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire

Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire


Image result for Lennard-Jones Laboratory, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Keele University,

Image result for Lennard-Jones Laboratory, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Keele University,



Image result for Lennard-Jones Laboratory, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Keele University,


Lennard-Jones Laboratory, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Keele University,

“ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INT” CATERS TO EDUCATION GLOBALLY, No commercial exploits are done or advertisements added by me. This is a compilation for educational purposes only. P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent

Tuesday, 31 October 2017

2,4-Diphenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepine

str1
2,4-Diphenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepine (4a) 1,3-Diphenyl-2-propen-1-one (1a).
Yellow solid; mp 114-116 C [lit.1 , 114-115 °C], AcOEt/PE 1:9.
1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3,): 3.07 (t, J = 12.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.32 (dd, J = 4.7, 13.1 Hz, 1 H), 4.99 (dd, J = 4.5, 12.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.12-7.17 (m, 1 H), 7.25-7.30 (m, 5 H), 7.44-7.51 (m, 4 H), 7.62 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 2 H), 8.06 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 2 H).
Isolated Yield: 339 mg, 86%
str2
2-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepine (4e) 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-2-propen-1-one (1e).
Light brown solid; mp 131-134 °C. AcOEt/PE 40:60.
1H NMR (CDCl3, 300 MHz):  = 3.01 (t, J = 12.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.28 (dd, J = 4.8, 12.9 Hz, 1 H), 4.95 (dd, J = 4.7, 12.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.10 (bs, 1 H), 6.76 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 2 H), 7.18-7.21 (m, 3 H), 7.35 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.46- 7.55 (m, 4 H), 7.63 (dd, J =1.5, 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 8.06 (m, 2 H).
13C NMR (CDCl3, 75 MHz): 37.99 (CH2), 60.07 (CH), 115.53 (CH), 123.08 (C), 127.40 (CH), 128.79 (CH), 131.17 (CH), 136.54 (C), 141.59 (C), 155.24 (C). IR (KBr): 1599, 2921, 3350 cm-1 .
MS (ESI): m/z= 332.24 (MH)+ . Anal. Calcd. for C21H17NOS: C, 76.10; H, 5.17; N, 4.23, found: C, 76.21; H, 5.15; N, 4.24. Isolated Yield: 360 mg, 87%


A practical synthesis of 2,3-dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepines

Green Chem., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC02097J, Paper
Domenico Carlo Maria Albanese, nicoletta gaggero, Meng Fei
2,3-Dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepines have been obtained through a domino process involving a Michael addition of 2-aminothiophenols to chalcones, followed by in situ cyclization. Up to 98% chemical yields have been obtained at...

A practical synthesis of 2,3-dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepines

 

Abstract

2,3-Dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepines have been obtained through a domino process involving a Michael addition of 2-aminothiophenols to chalcones, followed by in situ cyclization. Up to 98% chemical yields have been obtained at room temperature under essentially neutral conditions by using hexafluoro-2-propanol as an efficient medium.
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Wednesday, 18 October 2017

2,3-dihydrobenzofuran

2,3-Dihydrobenzofuran 99%

2,3-Dihydrobenzofuran

  • CAS Number 496-16-2
     
  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C8H8O
     
  • Molecular Weight 120.15
  •  Beilstein Registry Number 111928
     




http://www.rsc.org/suppdata/gc/c4/c4gc01822b/c4gc01822b1.pdfhttp://www.rsc.org/suppdata/gc/c4/c4gc01822b/c4gc01822b1.pdf


1H NMR




MASS
Image result for nmr 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran
IR



UV




1H NMRPREDICT


13C NMR PREDICT




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Sunday, 17 September 2017

2,5-Diformylfuran an easy molecule to learn NMR

2,5-Diformylfuran (DFF), 5 (lit. 2 ) 2 Kashparova, V. P., Khokhlova, E. A., Galkin, K. I., Chernyshev, V. M. & Ananikov, V. P. The “onepot” synthesis of 2,5-diformylfuran, a promising synthon for organic materials in the conversion of biomass. Russ. Chem. Bull. 64, 1069-1073 (2015).

1H NMR (CDCl3) = 9.87 (s, 2H), 7.35 (s, 2H);

13C NMR (CDCl3) = 181.1, 154.1, 122.5 ppm.




Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC02211E, Paper
F. A. Kucherov, K. I. Galkin, E. G. Gordeev, V. P. Ananikov
Efficient one-pot synthesis of tricyclic compounds from biobased 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is described using a [4 + 2] cycloaddition reaction.

Efficient route for the construction of polycyclic systems from bioderived HMF

 Author affiliations
//////////

2,5-Bis(morpholinomethyl)furan


2,5-Bis(morpholinomethyl)furan, 11

Yield 98%, 1H NMR (CDCl3) = 6.13 (s, 2H), 3.70 (m, 8H), 3.51 (s, 4H), 2.45 (m, 8H);

13C NMR (CDCl3) = 150.9, 109.7, 66.8, 55.3, 53.2 ppm.

 m/z HRMS (ESI) Calcd. for C14H22N2O3 [M+H]: 267.1703. Found 267.1703.






Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC02211E, Paper
F. A. Kucherov, K. I. Galkin, E. G. Gordeev, V. P. Ananikov
Efficient one-pot synthesis of tricyclic compounds from biobased 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is described using a [4 + 2] cycloaddition reaction.

Efficient route for the construction of polycyclic systems from bioderived HMF

 Author affiliations
//////////

Saturday, 16 September 2017

2,5-Bis(ethoxymethyl)furan

2,5-Bis(ethoxymethyl)furan, 6

1H NMR (CDCl3) = 6.20 (s, 2H), 4.36 (s, 4H), 3.47 (q, 4H, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.16 (t, 6H, J = 7.1 Hz);


13C NMR (CDCl3) = 150.9, 109.7, 65.7, 64.7, 15.1 ppm



PREDICTS





Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC02211E, Paper
F. A. Kucherov, K. I. Galkin, E. G. Gordeev, V. P. Ananikov
Efficient one-pot synthesis of tricyclic compounds from biobased 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is described using a [4 + 2] cycloaddition reaction.

Efficient route for the construction of polycyclic systems from bioderived HMF

 Author affiliations
//////////

Thursday, 13 July 2017

2,2,5,5-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (TMTHF): a non-polar, non-peroxide forming ether replacement for hazardous hydrocarbon solvents



2,2,5,5-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (TMTHF): a non-polar, non-peroxide forming ether replacement for hazardous hydrocarbon solvents
Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC01392B, Paper
Fergal Byrne, Bart Forier, Greet Bossaert, Charly Hoebers, Thomas J. Farmer, James H. Clark, Andrew J. Hunt
An inherently non-peroxide forming ether solvent, 2,2,5,5-tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (2,2,5,5-tetramethyloxolane), has been synthesized from readily available and potentially renewable feedstocks, and its solvation properties have been tested

2,2,5,5-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (TMTHF): a non-polar, non-peroxide forming ether replacement for hazardous hydrocarbon solvents

 

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2017/GC/C7GC01392B?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2FGC+%28RSC+-+Green+Chem.+latest+articles%29#!divAbstract

Abstract

An inherently non-peroxide forming ether solvent, 2,2,5,5-tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (2,2,5,5-tetramethyloxolane), has been synthesized from readily available and potentially renewable feedstocks, and its solvation properties have been tested. Unlike traditional ethers, its absence of a proton at the alpha-position to the oxygen of the ether eliminates the potential to form hazardous peroxides. Additionally, this unusual structure leads to lower basicity compared with many traditional ethers, due to the concealment of the ethereal oxygen by four bulky methyl groups at the alpha-position. As such, this molecule exhibits similar solvent properties to common hydrocarbon solvents, particularly toluene. Its solvent properties have been proved by testing its performance in Fischer esterification, amidation and Grignard reactions. TMTHF's differences from traditional ethers is further demonstrated by its ability to produce high molecular weight radical-initiated polymers for use as pressure-sensitive adhesives.
STR1
[TMTHF].
1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.81 (s, 4H), 1.21 (s, 12H);
13C NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 29.75, 38.75, 80.75;
IR 2968, 2930, 2968, 1458, 1377, 1366, 1310, 1265, 1205, 1144, 991, 984, 885, 849, 767 cm−1;
m/z (%): (ESI–MS) 128 (40) [M+ ]
STR1

Fergal Byrne

Fergal Byrne

PHD Researcher at Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence

University of York

York, United Kingdom

University of York
Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK 

Andrew Hunt

Andrew Hunt

Catalysis, Environmental Chemistry, Green Chemistry

PhD.
////////////
NMR predict
[TMTHF].
1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.81 (s, 4H), 1.21 (s, 12H);
STR1 STR2
13C NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 29.75, 38.75, 80.75;