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Showing posts with label 2. Show all posts
Showing posts with label 2. Show all posts

Thursday, 13 July 2017

2,2,5,5-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (TMTHF): a non-polar, non-peroxide forming ether replacement for hazardous hydrocarbon solvents



2,2,5,5-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (TMTHF): a non-polar, non-peroxide forming ether replacement for hazardous hydrocarbon solvents
Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC01392B, Paper
Fergal Byrne, Bart Forier, Greet Bossaert, Charly Hoebers, Thomas J. Farmer, James H. Clark, Andrew J. Hunt
An inherently non-peroxide forming ether solvent, 2,2,5,5-tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (2,2,5,5-tetramethyloxolane), has been synthesized from readily available and potentially renewable feedstocks, and its solvation properties have been tested

2,2,5,5-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (TMTHF): a non-polar, non-peroxide forming ether replacement for hazardous hydrocarbon solvents

 

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2017/GC/C7GC01392B?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2FGC+%28RSC+-+Green+Chem.+latest+articles%29#!divAbstract

Abstract

An inherently non-peroxide forming ether solvent, 2,2,5,5-tetramethyltetrahydrofuran (2,2,5,5-tetramethyloxolane), has been synthesized from readily available and potentially renewable feedstocks, and its solvation properties have been tested. Unlike traditional ethers, its absence of a proton at the alpha-position to the oxygen of the ether eliminates the potential to form hazardous peroxides. Additionally, this unusual structure leads to lower basicity compared with many traditional ethers, due to the concealment of the ethereal oxygen by four bulky methyl groups at the alpha-position. As such, this molecule exhibits similar solvent properties to common hydrocarbon solvents, particularly toluene. Its solvent properties have been proved by testing its performance in Fischer esterification, amidation and Grignard reactions. TMTHF's differences from traditional ethers is further demonstrated by its ability to produce high molecular weight radical-initiated polymers for use as pressure-sensitive adhesives.
STR1
[TMTHF].
1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.81 (s, 4H), 1.21 (s, 12H);
13C NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 29.75, 38.75, 80.75;
IR 2968, 2930, 2968, 1458, 1377, 1366, 1310, 1265, 1205, 1144, 991, 984, 885, 849, 767 cm−1;
m/z (%): (ESI–MS) 128 (40) [M+ ]
STR1

Fergal Byrne

Fergal Byrne

PHD Researcher at Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence

University of York

York, United Kingdom

University of York
Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK 

Andrew Hunt

Andrew Hunt

Catalysis, Environmental Chemistry, Green Chemistry

PhD.
////////////
NMR predict
[TMTHF].
1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.81 (s, 4H), 1.21 (s, 12H);
STR1 STR2
13C NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 29.75, 38.75, 80.75;

Thursday, 9 February 2017

(4-(3-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl)-l-propyl-l,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine)

Example 7 - Preparation Of Compound 7 (4-(3-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl)-l-propyl-l,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine)
4-(3-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl)-1-propyl- 1 ,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-1-ium chloride Sulfuric acid (42.23g, 0.43 lmol, leq) was added to a mixture of 4-hydroxy-4-(3- (methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-l-propylpiperidin-l-ium chloride (130g, 0.431 mo, leq) and toluene (650mL) at room temperature. The resulting two-phase solution was refluxed for lhour and HPLC showed that the product reached 95% area. The reaction mixture was cooled down to 20°C and the toluene phase was decanted to give viscous residue that was diluted with water (600mL) and neutralized with 2N NaOH to pH~4.2. Hydrogen peroxide (50%, 32.21g, 0.474mol, l.leq) was added dropwise to the water phase and the mixture was stirred at 60°C for lh after which the product reached 96% area (HPLC).
Toluene (600mL) was added to the reaction mixture and made basic first with 25% NaOH (60g) and finally with 10% NaOH up to pH 12. The phases were separated and the water phase was re-extracted with toluene (2xl00mL). The combined toluene phases were washed with 5% sodium sulfite (150mL), brine (150mL) and water (150mL). The toluene phase was then concentrated under vacuum on a rotavapor to give 111.3g oil (HPLC area: 96.6%). Methanol (50mL) was added to the residue and it was filtered and cooled down on ice batch. Dry HC1 in ethyl acetate was added up to pH 1-2 (120mL) and lOOmL of ethyl ether were added to give two phases mixture. The mixture was seeded with the product and precipitation started. The reaction mixture was stirred on ice bath (2-5°C) for additional lh, filtered and washed with 1/3 ethyl acetate/ether mixture (lOOmL) to give 140g of very hygroscopic light yellow solid that was dried on a rotavapor for 2h and stored under nitrogen in deep freeze. The dry 4-(3-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl)-l-propyl-l,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-HCl is slightly yellowish solid (94.1g, 79% yield, HPLC (254nm): 96.3% area, 1H-NMR assay: 97.5%).
NMR Identity Analysis of Compound 7
Compound 7: 
The following data in Tables 14 and 15 was determined using a sample of Compound 7, a solvent of CDCb, and the instruments were a Bruker AMX500 and Avance III 800 MHz instrument.
Table 14: Assignment of ¾ NMR"
"Spectra is calibrated by the solvent residual peak (2.5 ppm).
bafter addition of small amount of CeDe
Table 15: Assignment of 13NMRa*
a Spectra is calibrated by a solvent peak (77.0 ppm)

Tuesday, 7 February 2017

3,6−bis([1,1'−biphenyl]−4−ylmethyl)−1,2,4,5−tetrazine

Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6GC03494B, Paper
Zheng Fang, Wen-Li Hu, De-Yong Liu, Chu-Yi Yu, Xiang-Guo Hu
A procedure for the synthesis of tetrazines from gem-difluoroalkenes under aerobic conditions has been developed.

Synthesis of tetrazines from gem-difluoroalkenes under aerobic conditions at room temperature

Zheng Fang,a   Wen-Li Hu,a   De-Yong Liu,a  Chu-Yi Yuab and   Xiang-Guo Hu*a  
 
*Corresponding authors
aNational Engineering Research Center for Carbohydrate Synthesis, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, P. R. China
E-mail: huxiangg@iccas.ac.cn
bBeijing National Laboratory for Molecular Science (BNLMS), CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Recognition and Function, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
 
An efficient and green procedure for the synthesis of tetrazines has been developed based on an old chemistry reported by Carboni in 1958. Both symmetric and asymmetric 3,6-disubstituted 1,2,4,5-tetrazines can be obtained in moderate to high yields from the corresponding gem-difluoroalkenes under aerobic conditions at room temperature. This work represents a rare example that ambient air is utilized as an oxidant for the synthesis of tetrazines.
 
 
Synthesis of symmetric 3,6-dialkyl-1,2,4,5−tetrazine(3a−3h)
 
To a solution of 1,1−difluoroalkenes (1a, 50 mg, 0.27 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformide (DMF,5 mL) was added hydrazine (80%, 35 mg, 1.35 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 4−6 hours, saturated ammonium chloride (20 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (10 mL×3). The organic layer was combined, dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was concentrated and the crude product was dissolved in a suspension of Ethyl Acetate(5 mL) and 10% potassium carbonate solution(wt%, 5 mL) and stirred at room temperature for 24h under air atomerspere until the organic layer turned into amaranth obviously. The organic layer was collected, dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography[silica gel(#100–200), toluene] to afford the pure 1,2,4,5−tetrazines(3a−3h).
 
3,6−bis([1,1'−biphenyl]−4−ylmethyl)−1,2,4,5−tetra zine (3a).
 
str1
(41 mg, 83%).
 
purple solid; m.p. 200−202°C;
 
IR(KBr) nmax/cm−1 2924, 2850, 1488, 1451, 1432, 1388, 851, 750;
 
1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) 7.55−7.33 (m, 18H), 4.65 (s, 4H).
 
13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δ 169.2, 140.6, 140.4, 134.8, 129.7, 128.8, 127.6, 127.4, 127.1, 40.9;
 
HRMS (ESI): calcd. for C28H22N4 [M+H]+ 415.19172, found 415.19124.
 
 
 
///////tetrazines,  gem-difluoroalkenes, aerobic conditions, room temperature

Wednesday, 1 February 2017

2,2′-(1-(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-diyl)diacetic Acid


STR1
2,2′-(1-(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-diyl)diacetic Acid
STR1 STR2 STR3 str4 str5
2,2′-(1-(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-diyl)diacetic Acid 
as a white solid. Mp: 162–163 °C, % purity: 94.09% (HPLC);
 
1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.38 (s, 9H), 2.10–2.18 (m, 2H), 2.28–2.32 (m, 2H), 2.49–2.50 (m, 2H, merged with DMSO peak), 2.97–3.03 (m, 2H), 3.33–3.40 (m, 2H), 12.23 (bs, 2H); 1H NMR (CD3OD, 400 MHz) δ: 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.26 (ddd, J1 = 2.8 Hz, J2 = 9.2 Hz, J3 = 16.0 Hz, 2H), 2.43 (dd, J1 = 5.2 Hz, J2 = 16.0 Hz, 2H), 2.69 (m, 2H), 3.16 (dd, J1 = 5.2 Hz, J2 = 10.8 Hz, 2H), 3.49–3.54 (m, 2H);
 
13C NMR (DMSO-d6, 100 MHz) δ: 28.49, 32.97, 36.49, 37.31, 50.10, 50.20, 78.67, 154.05, 173.96;
 
IR (KBr): ν = 871, 933, 1143, 1166, 1292, 1411, 1689, 1708, 2881, 2929, 2980, 3001 cm–1;
 
TOFMS: [C13H21NO6 – H+]: calculated 286.1296, found 286.1031(100%).
HPLC conditions were as follows for compound ; Agilent 1100 series, column: YMC J’SPHERE C18 (150 mm X 4.6 mm) 4µm with mobile phases A (0.05% TFA in water) and B (acetonitrile). Detection was at 210 nm, flow was set at 1.0 mL/min, and the temperature was 30 °C (Run time: 45 min). Gradient: 0 min, A = 90%, B = 10%; 5.0 min, A = 90%, B = 10%; 25 min, A = 0%, B = 100%; 30 min, A = 0%, B = 100%, 35 min, A = 90%, B = 10%; 45 min, A = 90%, B = 10%.
 
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.6b00399
 
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Sunday, 29 January 2017

3,6−bis([1,1'−biphenyl]−4−ylmethyl)−1,2,4,5−tetra zine








3,6−bis([1,1'−biphenyl]−4−ylmethyl)−1,2,4,5−tetra zine




Synthesis of tetrazines from gem-difluoroalkenes under aerobic conditions at room temperature

Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6GC03494B, Paper
Zheng Fang, Wen-Li Hu, De-Yong Liu, Chu-Yi Yu, Xiang-Guo Hu
A procedure for the synthesis of tetrazines from gem-difluoroalkenes under aerobic conditions has been developed.
An efficient and green procedure for the synthesis of tetrazines has been developed based on an old chemistry reported by Carboni in 1958. Both symmetric and asymmetric 3,6-disubstituted 1,2,4,5-tetrazines can be obtained in moderate to high yields from the corresponding gem-difluoroalkenes under aerobic conditions at room temperature. This work represents a rare example that ambient air is utilized as an oxidant for the synthesis of tetrazines.

Synthesis of tetrazines from gem-difluoroalkenes under aerobic conditions at room temperature

Zheng Fang,a   Wen-Li Hu,a   De-Yong Liu,a  Chu-Yi Yuab and   Xiang-Guo Hu*a  
*
Corresponding authors
a
National Engineering Research Center for Carbohydrate Synthesis, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, P. R. China
 E-mail: huxiangg@iccas.ac.cn
b
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Science (BNLMS), CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Recognition and Function, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article

DOI: 10.1039/C6GC03494B

























http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2017/GC/C6GC03494B?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2FGC+%28RSC+-+Green+Chem.+latest+articles%29#!divAbstract





3,6−bis([1,1'−biphenyl]−4−ylmethyl)−1,2,4,5−tetra zine (3a). (41 mg, 83%). purple solid;

m.p. 200−202°C;

IR(KBr) nmax/cm−1 2924, 2850, 1488, 1451, 1432, 1388, 851, 750;

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) 7.55−7.33 (m, 18H), 4.65 (s, 4H).

 13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δ 169.2, 140.6, 140.4, 134.8, 129.7, 128.8, 127.6, 127.4, 127.1, 40.9;

HRMS (ESI): calcd. for C28H22N4 [M+H]+ 415.19172, found 415.19124.



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Friday, 20 January 2017

2,6-diphenyl-5-methylpyrimidinone






Metal-free radical C-H methylation of pyrimidinones and pyridinones with dicumyl peroxide


Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6GC03355E, Communication
Pei-Zhi Zhang, Jian-An Li, Ling Zhang, Adedamola Shoberu, Jian-Ping Zou, Wei Zhang
A method for free radical methylation of pyrimidinones and pyridinones with dicumyl peroxide under metal-free conditions is introduced. A 50 g-scale reaction could be performed safely. The product was separated by crystallization and the byproducts were recovery by distillation

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2017/GC/C6GC03355E?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2FGC+%28RSC+-+Green+Chem.+latest+articles%29#!divAbstract

Metal-free radical C–H methylation of pyrimidinones and pyridinones with dicumyl peroxide

Pei-Zhi Zhang,a   Jian-An Li,a   Ling Zhang,a  Adedamola Shoberu,a   Jian-Ping Zou*a and  Wei Zhang*b  
*
Corresponding authors
a
Key Laboratory of Organic Synthesis of Jiangsu Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Soochow University, 199 Renai Street, Suzhou, China
 E-mail: jpzou@suda.edu.cn
b
Centre for Green Chemistry and Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, USA
 E-mail: wei2.zhang@umb.edu
Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article

DOI: 10.1039/C6GC03355E


























A new method for free radical methylation of pyrimidinones and pyridinones with dicumyl peroxide (DCP) under metal-free conditions is introduced. A 50 g-scale reaction could be performed safely at the desired concentration. The reaction solvent and DCP derivative were readily recovered by distillation. The product was purified by crystallization to minimize the amount of waste.


2,6-diphenyl-5-methylpyrimidinone







Colorless solid, mp 258−260 °C, 73% yield (191 mg).

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.85 (s, 1H), 8.17 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 7.68 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 7.53 (dd, J = 14.3, 6.8 Hz, 6H), 2.10 (s, 3H).

13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3): δ 161.15, 152.97, 138.68, 132.26, 131.62, 129.11, 129.02, 128.86, 128.15, 127.45, 119.09, 12.65.

 HRMS (ESI-TOF) m/z: (M+H)+ Calcd for C17H15N2O 263.1184, found 263.1194.





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Tuesday, 18 October 2016

1-(2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-4-(p-tolyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole



1-(2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-4-(p-tolyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole (3a), (Table 2, entry 1):
Using method A described above with 2-methoxy-4-nitroaniline
(1a). After purification by flash column
chromatography (25% AcOEt/hexanes, Rf = 0.45), 359 mg
of 3a (79%) were obtained as a yellow solid. Mp > 190 °C;

1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.46 (s, 1H), 8.16 (d, J = 8.8
Hz, 1H), 8.05 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (s, 1H), 7.79 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.26 (d, J =
7.8 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 3H) 2.41 (s, 3H) ppm;

13C{1H} NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δ 150.6,
148.1, 148.0, 138.6, 131.1, 129.7, 127.3, 125.9, 125.1, 121.1, 116.8, 108.0, 57.0,
21.4 ppm; HRMS (EI) calcd. for C16H13NO3 310.1066 [M+]; found 310.1060.




Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.6b00292

Handling Hazards Using Continuous Flow Chemistry: Synthesis of N1-Aryl-[1,2,3]-triazoles from Anilines via Telescoped Three-Step Diazotization, Azidodediazotization, and [3 + 2] Dipolar Cycloaddition Processes

 Department of Chemistry, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J1P3, Canada
 GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Inc., 709 Swedeland Road, P.O. Box 1539, UMW 2810, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406, United States
§ Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation (CCRI) and Department of Chemistry, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N6N5, Canada
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP

Michael G. Organ
Professor of Chemistry, York University, Toronto, Canada
Webpage:
http://www.yorku.ca/organ/
Education:
B. Sc. (Honours) in Biology (1986) from the University of Guelph; M. Sc. in Botany (1988) from the University of Guelph; Ph.D. in Chemistry (1992) from the University of Guelph.
Professional Career:
1992-1994 NSERC Post-Doctoral Fellow with Barry Trost at Stanford University; 1994-1997 Faculty member at IUPUI in Indianapolis; 1997-present Faculty member at York University in Toronto.
Awards and Honours:
Author Profile in Angewandte Chemie, November 2013; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Chemistry, A European Journal, November 2013; NSERC Accelerator Award, April 2013; Agilent Labs Fellow, October 2011; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Fellow, May 2010; Naeja Pharmaceuticals Lecturer, University of Alberta, March 2008; Merck-Frosst Canadian Academic Development Program Fellow, December 2007; International Xerox Foundation Fellow, July 2007; E.T.S. Walton Visitor Award (Ireland), May 2002; 1999 Premier's Research Excellence Award.
Research Interests:
Synthetic efficiency, catalysis, flow chemistry, sustainable manufacturing.



Image result for Michael G. Organ

Department of Chemistry, York University
4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3
Phone: 416-736-5313. Facsimile: 416-736-5936. E-mail: organ@yorku.ca


Image result for Michael G. Organ

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Tuesday, 4 October 2016

2,3,4,4a,5,6-hexahydro-1H-pyrido[1,2-a]quinolone (R)-7





1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.82 (br s, 1H), 7.28-7.34 (m, 2H), 7.22-7.24 (m, 1H), 3.87 (m, 1H), 3.56 (m, 1H), 3.32 (m, 1H), 3.00-3.03 (m, 2H), 2.46-2.74 (m, 3H), 1.65-2.05 (m, 5H);

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ 137.6, 130.4, 129.2, 127.9, 124.1, 55.9, 54.5, 27.3, 25.2, 22.9, 20.3, 17.1;

Enantiomeric excess was determined by SFC: Chiralpak OD-3, 4.6 mm x 150 mm, particle size: 3 μm, temperature: 30 ºC, A: CO2, B: ethanol with 0.2% of isobutylamine, isocratic: A/B: 95/5, v/v, flow rate 3.0 mL/min.

HRMS (ESI) [M+H]+ m/z calcd for [C13H18N]+ is 188.1361 found 188.1429.



Synthesis of Enantioenriched 2‐Alkyl Piperidine Derivatives through
Asymmetric Reduction of Pyridinium Salts
Bo Qu,* Hari P. R. Mangunuru, Xudong Wei, Keith R. Fandrick, Jean-Nicolas Desrosiers, Joshua D.
Sieber, Dmitry Kurouski, Nizar Haddad, Lalith P. Samankumara, Heewon Lee, Jolaine Savoie, Shengli
Ma, Nelu Grinberg, Max Sarvestani, Nathan K. Yee, Jinhua J. Song and Chris H. Senanayake
Chemical Development, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 900 Ridgebury Road,
Ridgefield, CT 06877 USA
/////////////

Saturday, 20 August 2016

2-chloro-5-(((E)-2-(((E)-2,2,2-trifluoroethylidene)hydrazono)imidazolidin-1-yl)methyl)pyridi ne








2-chloro-5-(((E)-2-(((E)-2,2,2-trifluoroethylidene)hydrazono)imidazolidin-1-yl)methyl)pyridi ne (5):

white solid, mp 114–115 o C;

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.33 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (q, J = 8.0, Hz, 1H), 7.48 (q, J = 4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1H), 5.88 (s, 1H), 4.50 (s, 2H), 3.55 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 3.46 – 3.40 (m, 2H); 19F NMR (376 MHz, CDCl3) δ –66.13 (d, J = 4.5 Hz);

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δ 165.04, 150.86, 149.32, 134.55 (q, JC-F = 35.63 Hz), 131.37, 124.45, 121.27 (q, JC-F = 268.16 Hz) 46.83, 45.14, 40.68;

IR (KBr) ν 2884.47, 1638.83, 1568.03, 1515.93, 1338.41, 1266.40, 1115.71, 1020.69, 896.58, 739.17, 593.14 cm-1 ;

HRMS (ESI) found: m/z 306.0726, [M+H]+ calcd. for C11H12ClF3N5 + 306.0728.

Day 17 of the 2016 Doodle Fruit Games! Find out more at g.co/fruit


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